Department of Medical psychology and psychocorrection
Building 3, room 10.
Medical Psychology learns the psychological aspects of the physician and patient behavior. It examines the manifestations of mental illness, mental role in their occurrence, course of the disease, treatment and health strengthening.
Relations of psychology and medicine are so close that psychologists, who work in this field, need to have medical knowledge. However, doctors in clinics are aware of the need of psychological knowledge for successful clinical work. Thus, clinical psychology is an area of scientific knowledge and practics, whics isequally owned by both medicine and psychology. In development of Medical Psychology efforts of psychologists, physiologists and doctors are combined. Relevance of Medical Psychology and Medicine is determinedby basicmedical thesis that doctor should not treat the disease, butthe patient. Medical psychology has separated from Applied psychology as its branch only in the XX century. An important contribution to development of medical psychology made Z. Freud, E. Kretschmer, V. Bekhterev, S.S. Korsakov, G.I. Rossolimo. Doctors became the first practical psychologists in medicine. Z. Freud, E. Kretschmer, H. Rorschach, V.M. Bekhterev, P.B. Gannushkina and other medical psychologists began their scientific work as a neurologists or psychiatrists.
The practical work of psychologists in medicine was focused primarily on development and application of psychological diagnostics and psychotherapy methods. The main methods of medical and psychological study of patients were clinical interview and experimental psychological study of mentally ill people. Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922) developed the technique of projective psychodiagnostics.
The main methods of psychotherapy were: suggestive, psychogogic and psychoanalytic (Kretschmer, 1998). Suggestive techniques were used during sleep or hypnosis. Psychogogic methods meant everything connected with education, work therapy and exercise. At the beginning of XX century the new direction of medical psychology - psychoanalysis - was created by Freud. This method arose from the experience of treating hysterical states and concerned the clinic neuroses, psychological analysis of neurotic symptoms and their therapy. There were famous psychotherapists and medical psychologists among Freuds students and followers. Subsequently, some of them created their own directions in psychotherapy and psychology. The most famous his followers are K.G. Jung and A. Adler.
Emergence of laboratories of experimental psychology was very important for the development of medical psychology. Such laboratories took place in clinical neuropsychiatric institutions. Since 1890 under the leadership of P. Jean was established the laboratory in the largest psychiatric hospital in Salpetriyer, France. Practical work in psychiatry and study of mental life were the main focus of its activity. At the same time he was an excellent organizer, who helped the development of clinical psychology in Ukraine.
In the 30's and 40's several important works on experimental psychological studies of speech and thought were published (L.S. Vygotsky, A.G. Ivanov-Smolensky, M.S. Lebedinsky, etc.), emotional and volitional sphere (A.R. Luria), studies of influence the performance ratio of neuropsychiatric patients on their work (V.N. Myasishchev etc.) and some other sections of medical psychology.
Department of Medical Psychology at IAPM was founded on the base of the Department of General Psychology in 2002. The main task of the department is to acquaint students with the fundamentals of the psyche during courses of anatomy and evolution of the central nervous system, physiology of the central nervous system and higher nervous activity. Students have to learn the mutual influence of personality and mental illness, internal picture of disease and psychosomatics. It is known that about 70% of patients are turning to medical institutions, being complete healthy (physically). So, all they need is only psychological assistance.
The student acquires knowledge about the psychic peculiarities of patients with different diseases, of people of different ages. The whole unit of knowledge is available in the sections: addictology (the science of psychic and physical dependence), victimology (the science of psyche of a victim or other psychological impacts). In recent years,uch attention of the department is paid to methods of psychological prophylaxis, psychotherapy and psychocorrection, to methods of art therapy, methods of psychological influence on man and crowd (psychology of brachylogy), methods of non-verbal and verbal psychodiagnosis (psychology of profiling), methods of child and family psychology, gerontopsychology, perinatal psychology. A separate part of knowledge in medical psychology takes consulting and developing technology that already has outstanding popularity in Europe. This part of medical psychology is based on the physiological mechanisms of thinking and memory and is capable to teach students the developing tools which will help to make a highly intelligent and teachable individual of average student. From 2011 till today the department firstly in Ukraine introduced the special preparation of students in majors: medical psychologist, gerontopsychologist, art psychologist, perinatal psychologist, child psychologist, family psychologist, psychoanalyst, hypnologist, profiler, brachylogist, psychologist of consulting and developing technology.
In scientific terms, the department cultivates direction of causality between the incidence of mental and behavioral disorders and other somatic disease. For the first time it appears that not all somatic diseases associated with mental health. Moreover, the department handled the first computer program and method that is able to assess at 140 indexes of functional activity of both brain hemispheres and build it psychophysiological portrait. The method used in dynamics, reveals considerable prospects for screening influences that somehow can change brain activity and its individual structures.
So, scientific heritageof this department is really important for medical science, psychology, practice and education.
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychocorrection is headed by Rul’ Yuri Vladimirovich – Candidate of Medical Science, Academician of the Ukrainian Technological Academy, Associate Professor - from June 2011. Annually lecturers of the department issue more than 50 teaching materials and textbooks. In the Department work: MD, Honored Scientist, Professor Chuprikov A.P., Doctor of Psychology, Professor of IPA, Associate Professor Bagriy J.T., MD, National Prize holder Trachenko V.A., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of IPA Vakulich T.N., Candidate of Psychological Science, the Deputy head of the department, Associate Professor Fedosov L.O., Candidate of Psychological Science, Associate Professor Chuprikov O.G., senior teachers Fedik I.V., Kyrylyuk Y.V., Zavhorodnya V.V., lecturer Karachevska O.L.
Basesof manufacturing practice on the department are TMA "Psychiatry", 9th Children's Hospital in Kyiv and Kyiv regional customs.
The department successfully issues the electronic scientific journal with access from the IAPM site called "Medical Psychology" (Chief Editor – Rul’ Y.V.). Scientific works of teachers and students are published there.
The department operates a laboratory of psychodiagnostics and psychocorrection. Laboratory organizes courses and trainings on various sections of medical psychology. In particular, special paid courses (110 directions) began in 2014 (30 teaching hours). Also there are courses in psychology, profiling ang hypnology.
The department has three student scientific circles (managers – Rul’ Y.V., Fedosov L.O., Kulik M.S.). Many research conferences are conducted. Our conferences involve also high school students. You can see theses and articles of conferences in the electronic journal of the department "Medical Psychology".
The department is actively involved in volunteer movement, which provides psychological assistance to ATO victims and their families (Vakulich T.N., Fedosov L.O., pKyrylyuk Y.V. and 8 students).
The department is actively preparing scholars and PhD in Psychology.